SensorySmart™ Strategies for Wearing Face Masks during the Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to challenge all of us, and as an occupational therapist I am in AWE of how brave, wise, and caring the kids, teens, and adults I work with have been! We’ve learned that we are all in this together, that we can take active steps to protect the health of our loved ones, ourselves, and our communities, and that our kids are incredibly resilient.

We’ve also learned that N95, KN95 and KF94 masks are the most best choices–– far more protective than cloth masks or surgical masks. Please check out this article on The Best Face Masks for Kids.

While wearing a mask isn’t fun for any of us, wearing a face mask is especially challenging for people with sensory issues who are hypersensitive to material touching their face, disturbed by how the mask smells, aware of their breathing, and thrown by how masks muffle voices. For those who need to see another person’s face for social cues or to recognize a person, wearing a face mask or seeing someone with a covered nose and mouth can be quite distressing. For those with hearing impairments, a face mask can significantly interfere with communication.

For quick tips see Lindsey’s article in the New York Times How to Help Your Child Wear a Mask.

Solutions and Strategies

Wearing a mask is a learned behavior. Teaching children to tolerate masks for longer periods requires plenty of patience, practice, and sensory strategies to incorporate the new behavior into the predictable routine most kids (and adults) thrive on. If you are struggling with this, you are not alone! Fortunately, there are many sensory smart strategies that can make wearing a mask easier. First, analyze the problem:

Just like clothing, there is a range of fit and comfort when it comes to face masks. There is no one-size, one-style fits all. Some face masks are more sensory-friendly than others, and it may take you and your child some trial and error to find the most comfortable style, shape, and strap design. Here are a few ideas:

For those who can’t tolerate or get a hold of an N95, KF94, or KN95, wearing a disposible surgical mask benath a cloth mask is considered safer than a single mask. However, they often do not fit well, do not seal well, and can get hot. If you or your child prefers these but they are too loose, fold the mask in half lengthwise, tie a knot at the edges of the mask, and push the sides of the mask beneath the knot to reduce gaps.

Disposable Mask

If it’s a reusable mask (rather than disposable or KN95/N95/KF94), wash it in hot water with unscented detergent before wearing to remove chemicals and packaging smells. Wash masks daily (or more often if soiled) with hot water.

Straps make a big difference. Experiment with masks that have ear loops and those with straps that go behind the head which can tug hair and irritate sensitive scalps (wear beneath a ponytail if possible). Your child may be happier with soft straps that cinch up with a tug rather than elastic straps that can pinch and be too tight. You can add a Cord lock to adjust straps.

Cord Lock

There are also extenders you can add to ear loops.


Search online for headbands with buttons for mask loops or make your own.

Headbands with Buttons

If the person likes baseball caps, sew buttons on a cap and attach the loops to the buttons instead of around the ears or behind the head.

cap with buttons Consider themed masks with favorite animals, characters, colors, and team names to increase interest and acceptance.Again, for best protection against the more virulent strains that are around right now, these cute masks should be worn on top of surgical mask and then only if a child can’t tolera a KN95/N95/KF94 Big brands like Crayola ( Disney ( now sell masks and there are many to pick from on Etsy and Amazon such as this cute animal face mask

Theme Masks

Clear window masks like the Fun and Function Social Mask keep mouths visible. This helps kids tune in to nonverbal cues and social nuances, enables lip reading, and lets kids more easily recognize familiar faces. Yes, that’s Lindsey Biel, co-author of Raising a Sensory Smart Child in the photo! Sadly, I’ve reserved this mask for outdoor sessions only when the infection rates are low as they offer minimal protection.

The Social Mask

If eyeglass fogging is a problem, use a mask with a metal nose clip to close gaps. You can add a strip of medical tape along the top of the mask to seal it or spray lenses with an anti-fog swim goggle spray.

eyeglass fogging

It may help to put a drop of essential oil on the outer edge of a mask (never against the skin or directly in front of mouth or nose) so the wearer inhales a favored scent. Essential oil preference varies but citrus and mint tend to pep kids up while florals tend to soothe them. Use only therapeutic-grade essential oils! Try this at home before heading out for the day.

Peace and Calming

For kids who tend to mouth everything, introduce chewing gum as a special treat while wearing a mask. Teach them to dispose of gum properly, washing their hands well both before and after. You can also try a Sensory Mask that has a built-in chewy item.

Provide a hand tool like a squishy ball or putty like Crazy Aaron’s Thinking Putty to redirect fidgeting from the mask.

Many people are shallow mouth breathers, specially when anxious. Practice taking deep, calming breaths through the nose rather than mouth using a visual such as the Take 5 Breathing video works well for many people. You can also download a Take 5 Breathing Poster.

Face Shields and Neck Gaiters

Masks protect others by filtering droplets we emit when we exhale, cough, sneeze, talk, and so on. Only certain masks such as the N95/KN95/KF94 protect both the wearer and others. High-quality face shields offer a tiny degree of protection to the wearer by working as a cough, sneeze, and splash guard because some air escapes around the edges of the shield. A mask and shield worn together provides greatest protection, essential if you or your child is sick or especially vulnerable.

Medical-grade plastic face shields offer visual clarity, can be disinfected, and last longer. Some companies that offer top-quality options for kids and adults include:

Little Lives PPE PediaShield™ created by doctors with medical-grade plastic with non-toxic headband foam for kids and adults.

Little Lives PediaShield™

Third Kindness High-quality medical grade face shields for kids and adults with solid or cute decorated headbands.

Third Kindness shield

Shield Pals Adorable styles for kids and adults with clear, high-quality shields.

Sheild Pals shield

Words of caution: While some people prefer neck gaiters and bandannas, studies show they do NOT protect the wearer or others. Flimsy shields attached to foam headbands and hats may look practical and cute but offer no protection to the wearer or others.

Normalizing tips

Social Stories, Videos and Books

Again, wearing a mask, physically distancing, and washing hands frequently is essential to keep kids, parents, teachers, and others from getting sick. For many kids (and some adults) this may be an intellectual understanding that doesn’t translate into action. It may help your history buff to read up on the 1918 Spanish Flu epidemic and to check out social stories, videos, and books online such as Autism Resource Central as well as these:

Reading a book together helps to normalize this period in history. You may want to help your child keep a diary about their experiences or write a book of their own to share with their children and grandchildren some day.

Masked Ninja

A Little SPOT Stays Home: A Story About Viruses And Safe Distancing

Sarah Wears a Mask

When Virona the Corona Came to Town

COVID-19 for Kids

Our Class is a Family

Thank You Helpers

About the Author

Lindsey Biel, M.A., OTR/L is a pediatric occupational therapist with a private practice in New York City where she evaluates and treats children, adolescents, and young adults with sensory processing issues, developmental delays, autism spectrum disorders, and other challenges. With the COVID-19 pandemic, she now offers teletherapy to families and schools nationwide.Lindsey is co-author of the award-winning Raising a Sensory Smart Child: The Definitive Handbook for Helping Your Child with Sensory Processing Issues, with a foreword by Temple Grandin. She is also the author of Sensory Processing Challenges: Effective Clinical Work with Kids & Teens and has authored two chapters in Dr. William Steele’s book Optimizing Learning Outcomes as well as contributed to the all-new edition of Kim West’s classic Good Night, Sleep Tight. participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program and earns a small commission on items purchased through this page. Thank you for your support.